Malaria is a disease found in many areas of the world such as Sub-Saharan Africa, South America and India. Malaria is caused by the Plasmodium parasite and is transmitted by mosquitoes following a mosquito bite. Malaria causes symptoms such as a fever, muscle aches, headache, fatigue and vomiting but can lead to more serious health complications that can be fatal.
Before travelling to places that pose a high risk of contracting malaria, it is essential to take anti-malaria medication for infection prevention and treatment. Malarone, Doxycycline, and Lariam are all effective anti-malaria treatments taken to help prevent malaria infection.
Malarone is a modern medicine for effectively preventing malaria and has fewer side effects
Lariam is used to prevent malaria with tablets taken once a week
Doxycycline is an affordable medication for preventing malaria which can be started at short notice
Malaria is a tropical disease spread mainly by female Anopheles mosquitoes infected with parasites called Plasmodium. These mosquitoes tend to bite at dusk or during the night time, injecting the parasite into the human bloodstream.
Symptoms of malaria include a high fever, headache, sweating, chills, vomiting, muscle pains, and diarrhoea. A single bite from an infected mosquito is enough to contract the disease, but the symptoms can show up 7-18 days after being bitten.
There is no guarantee that a malaria vaccination can prevent the disease; it can just reduce the chances. However, there are several drugs available such as Malarone, Mefloquine (branded as Lariam), and Doxycycline that can be used to treat a malarial infection.
Prevention is always better than cure so, alternatively, you can stay away from stagnant water, make sure you are up to date with your vaccinations if you are entering an area where malaria is endemic, and use insect repellents and mosquito nets as precautions.
Read the full article: How to Protect Yourself from Malaria
Read the full article: Malaria: Protection, Precautions, and Treatment
Read the full article: How to Avoid Mosquito Bites
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