What is Eczema?
Eczema is also known as atopic dermatitis, where ‘atopic’ refers to a sensitivity to allergens and ‘dermatitis’ refers to inflammation of the skin. Symptoms consist of dry, itchy, red and often cracked skin that can result in blisters forming around the affected area.
What Causes Eczema?
The exact cause of eczema is not known, however, it is believed that genetic predisposition can play a predeterministic role in developing the condition. Eczema can flare up in response to physical triggers such as irritants, foods, allergies and changes to weather temperature and humidity. Furthermore, other triggers such as high stress and hormonal changes are believed to trigger eczema flare ups.
How can I treat Eczema?
While there is no cure for eczema, it can be effectively treated to help minimise the intensity of the symptoms and frequency of flare ups. Self care techniques such as avoiding scratching and itching, emollients (moisturising creams) and topical corticosteroids are all effective treatment options.